“Medical ‘ignorance’ is costing us billions” reads a heading in the Daily Telegraph Mirror of February 24, 1991, over an article: ” Poor funding and a lack of knowledge about preventive medicine has led to a $2 billion blow-out in public health spending, experts say.
“These costs rose nationally from $26 billion to $28 billion [in one year] – an average of $1700 per person – according to figures to be released by the Australian Institute of Health.” Writing in an article in the Sunday Telegraph on October 27, 1991, the Federal Minister for Community Services and Health, Brian Howe, expresses his concern: ” Health care costs a huge amount of money: $1796 for every man, woman and child….
“The trouble is that if Medicare becomes too costly, this country can’t afford to keep footing the bill: which means that individual Australians will have to foot the bill instead or go without the necessary health care.
“I believe the Federal Government should continue to pay much of the health care cost, but my concern has been that one day the Government will have to say it can no longer afford Medicare.
“Medicare is getting increasingly costly. Total government expenditure on Medicare benefits rose by 70 per cent between 1984-85 and 1989-90, and by another 11.2 per cent in 1990-91.
“Before the changes in the Budget were announced, Medicare benefits were expected to rise by another 28 per cent in real terms over the three years to 1994-95: that’s approximately $1.3 billion….” (1)
Emily Kane N.D.
First Trimester Nausea… Yikes!
First, a tried and true quotation heard many times during my adolescence from my father… “this too will pass.” You’re thrilled, all your relatives are thrilled, you’re starting to dream about darling infant outfits, researching the best preschools, baby-proofing the whole house, and how do you feel? Yuk! Second, full-fledged, woozy, faint, lethargic, stomach-heaving nausea is one of the signs that yes, your hormones are changing, and the pregnancy is “taking.” This is not to say that you should be worried if you DON’T feel like throwing up every few hours for the first few months, just a reassurance that healthy embryos often stir up a lot of change.
Each woman is a blessed individual and there’s no universal panacea for first trimester nausea. Sorry. However, there are a few tricks that have worked for many gravidae (pregnant ladies):
by Adam Entous
WASHINGTON – At the urging of the Bush administration, military commanders are quietly stocking up on anti-radiation pills and making plans to give them to U.S. troops should they be exposed to radioactive fallout from an attack or accident, according to documents and officials.
Suppliers of potassium iodide say shipments to the military have increased in recent months amid fears of war between nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan, and new terror threats against American targets including nuclear power plants. One of the largest orders – 134,400 potassium iodide tablets for 9,600 troops – was shipped to the U.S. Army on May 28, according to records obtained by Reuters.
If taken immediately after exposure, the tablets have been shown to protect the thyroid gland from diseases caused by radiation.
A spokesman for U.S. Central Command said it was not distributing potassium iodide tablets to troops in Afghanistan and other South Asian countries, disputing the claims of several suppliers.
The Pentagon would not discuss its potassium iodide policy, which was outlined in an internal memorandum issued two months after the Sept. 11 attacks that killed more than 3,000 people.
In the memorandum, dated Nov. 19, 2001, William Winkenwerder, assistant secretary of defense for health affairs, directed Army, Navy and Air Force commanders to assess the risk to troops and to develop “implementation plans on the use of potassium iodide.” “The U.S. military overseas, their families, U.S. civilian workers and contractors may be at risk from hostile actions and other events against nuclear power plants resulting in radioactive iodine release,” wrote Winkenwerder, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld’s chief health adviser. In November and in a follow-up memo issued on Jan. 24, Winkenwerder told the services that they “must ensure availability of supply” of potassium iodide. He also provided the secretaries of the Army, Navy and Air Force with guidance on how the tablets should be administered. It depends on whether the radioactive material is inhaled or ingested and on how long troops are exposed to a radioactive plume.
Winkenwerder put the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute in charge of reviewing the plans. “We will take appropriate action when we get the plans,” said Peter Esker, spokesman for the institute.
The Pentagon would not elaborate. “The policy memo speaks for itself,” said James Turner, a Pentagon spokesman. “The commanders-in-chief, in any given part of the world, will assess the situation and will be responsible for providing appropriate material to their troops.”
Underscoring U.S. fears that terrorists will try to use weapons of mass destruction, Winkenwerder announced on Friday a separate policy to vaccinate some military personnel against anthrax and to stockpile the vaccine for civilian use.